Effective reading methods is what you all need !!!!
It is not always easy to be effective when it comes to studies especially when there is not enough drive in the topic or subject at hand. It is also difficult to introduce new tricks to the elderly as they would already have proved methods of doing routine things. Nevertheless, I would like to remind readers about the “SQ3R” method of study which is widely known. The SQ3R method of study comes into play in such scenario to gain momentum and it will help you build a framework to understand your reading assignment.
SQ3R is a reading strategy formed from its letters:
Survey! Question! Read! Recite! Review!
Before you read, Survey the chapter:
- the title, headings, and subheadings
- captions under pictures, charts, graphs or maps
- review questions or teacher-made study guides
- introductory and concluding paragraphs
Question while you are surveying:
- Turn the title, headings, and/or subheadings into questions
- Read questions at the end of the chapters or after each subheading
- Ask yourself,
“What did my instructor say about this chapter or subject
when it was assigned?”
- Ask yourself,
“What do I already know about this subject?”
Note: If it is helpful to you, write out these questions for consideration.
This variation is called SQW3R
When you begin to Read:
- Look for answers to the questions you first raised
- Answer questions at the beginning or end of chapters or study guides
- Reread captions under pictures, graphs, etc.
- Note all the underlined, italicized, bold printed words or phrases
- Study graphic aids
- Reduce your speed for difficult passages
- Stop and reread parts which are not clear
- Read only a section at a time and recite after each section
Recite after you’ve read a section:
- Orally ask yourself questions about what you have just read, or summarize, in your own words, what you read
- Take notes from the text but write the information in your own words
- Underline or highlight important points you’ve just read
The more senses you use the more likely you are to remember what you read Triple strength learning: Seeing, saying, hearing
Quadruple strength learning: Seeing , saying , hearing, writing!!!
Review: an ongoing process
- After you have read and recited the entire chapter,
write questions in the margins for those points
you have highlighted or underlined.
- If you took notes while reciting,
write questions for the notes you have taken
in the left hand margins of your notebook.
- Complete the form for a critical reading review
- Page through the text and/or your notebook to re-acquaint yourself
with the important points.
- Cover the right hand column of your text/note-book
and orally ask yourself the questions in the left hand margins.
- Orally recite or write the answers from memory.
- Develop mnemonic devices for material which need to be memorized.
Make flash cards for those questions which give you difficulty.
Days Three, Four and Five
- Alternate between your flash cards and notes and test yourself
(orally or in writing) on the questions you formulated.
- Make additional flash cards if necessary.
- Using the text and notebook, make a Table of Contents – list all the topics and sub-topics you need to know from the chapter.
- From the Table of Contents, make a Study Sheet/ Spatial Map.
- Recite the information orally and in your own words as you put the Study Sheet/Map together.
- As you have consolidated all the information you need for this chapter, periodically review the Sheet/Map so that at test time
you will not have to cram.